In the 10th century, Poland became a Christian country, permanently joined Western culture, and moved under the pope’s protection.
14-16 century was established alliance eventually evolved into the creation of one country: the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and went down in history as the Polish Golden Age.
in 18-century the country's outer provinces were appropriated by its three neighbors: the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Habsburg Austrian Empire.
The outbreak of World War I and the major subsequent changes to Europe’s political map let Poland Poland regain independence on 11th November 1918.
During the second War Poland was razed to the ground and 5 million inhabitants were killed. After the War Poland fell under the influence of the Soviet Union and was forced to adopt communism as its political system
The strikes in the late 1980s eventually led to the peaceful revolution that freed Poland from Soviet dominance and started the revolutions of 1989 – a series of historical events that dismantled the Soviet Bloc and ended the Cold War.
Poland immediately embarked on a path of fundamental reform, rapidly switching from a one-party system to political pluralism, from a state-controlled economy to a free market as well as changing its international orientation from being a part of the Soviet bloc to joining NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.
Places to see
Warsaw capital city, Old Town, Lazienki Palace
Krakow: Krakow's Old Town center still retains its stunning medieval architecture. The Wavel Castle and the historic district of Kazimierz – also known as the Old Jewish Quarter – in the area are both designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camps.
Tatra Mountains. The Tatras have waterfalls, streams, and mountain lakes, the park has over 270 kilometers of hiking trails, the park is home to over 600 caves, with the limestone cave system, Wielka Sniezna, being the longest (23 kilometers) and deepest (824 meters).
Wroclaw, the oldest area is from the 13th-century Main Market Square, which includes St. Elizabeth's Church and the Old Town Hall. The Pan Tadeusz Museum is just a few steps away, with multimedia exhibits dedicated to Polish customs, the Lubomirski and Pan Tadeusz Museums
Bialowieza Forest Reserve is a bird-watchers and hiker's paradise, and there is also an open-air museum. it covers an area of over 1,400 square kilometers and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Torun city is the oldest city, there are buildings from 8 century, it is the birthplace of astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus with the Copernicus Museum, it is UNESCO World Heritage Site.